# Source code for pytorch3d.loss.chamfer

```
# Copyright (c) Meta Platforms, Inc. and affiliates.
# All rights reserved.
#
# This source code is licensed under the BSD-style license found in the
# LICENSE file in the root directory of this source tree.
from typing import Union
import torch
import torch.nn.functional as F
from pytorch3d.ops.knn import knn_gather, knn_points
from pytorch3d.structures.pointclouds import Pointclouds
def _validate_chamfer_reduction_inputs(
batch_reduction: Union[str, None], point_reduction: str
) -> None:
"""Check the requested reductions are valid.
Args:
batch_reduction: Reduction operation to apply for the loss across the
batch, can be one of ["mean", "sum"] or None.
point_reduction: Reduction operation to apply for the loss across the
points, can be one of ["mean", "sum"].
"""
if batch_reduction is not None and batch_reduction not in ["mean", "sum"]:
raise ValueError('batch_reduction must be one of ["mean", "sum"] or None')
if point_reduction not in ["mean", "sum"]:
raise ValueError('point_reduction must be one of ["mean", "sum"]')
def _handle_pointcloud_input(
points: Union[torch.Tensor, Pointclouds],
lengths: Union[torch.Tensor, None],
normals: Union[torch.Tensor, None],
):
"""
If points is an instance of Pointclouds, retrieve the padded points tensor
along with the number of points per batch and the padded normals.
Otherwise, return the input points (and normals) with the number of points per cloud
set to the size of the second dimension of `points`.
"""
if isinstance(points, Pointclouds):
X = points.points_padded()
lengths = points.num_points_per_cloud()
normals = points.normals_padded() # either a tensor or None
elif torch.is_tensor(points):
if points.ndim != 3:
raise ValueError("Expected points to be of shape (N, P, D)")
X = points
if lengths is not None and (
lengths.ndim != 1 or lengths.shape[0] != X.shape[0]
):
raise ValueError("Expected lengths to be of shape (N,)")
if lengths is None:
lengths = torch.full(
(X.shape[0],), X.shape[1], dtype=torch.int64, device=points.device
)
if normals is not None and normals.ndim != 3:
raise ValueError("Expected normals to be of shape (N, P, 3")
else:
raise ValueError(
"The input pointclouds should be either "
+ "Pointclouds objects or torch.Tensor of shape "
+ "(minibatch, num_points, 3)."
)
return X, lengths, normals
[docs]def chamfer_distance(
x,
y,
x_lengths=None,
y_lengths=None,
x_normals=None,
y_normals=None,
weights=None,
batch_reduction: Union[str, None] = "mean",
point_reduction: str = "mean",
):
"""
Chamfer distance between two pointclouds x and y.
Args:
x: FloatTensor of shape (N, P1, D) or a Pointclouds object representing
a batch of point clouds with at most P1 points in each batch element,
batch size N and feature dimension D.
y: FloatTensor of shape (N, P2, D) or a Pointclouds object representing
a batch of point clouds with at most P2 points in each batch element,
batch size N and feature dimension D.
x_lengths: Optional LongTensor of shape (N,) giving the number of points in each
cloud in x.
y_lengths: Optional LongTensor of shape (N,) giving the number of points in each
cloud in y.
x_normals: Optional FloatTensor of shape (N, P1, D).
y_normals: Optional FloatTensor of shape (N, P2, D).
weights: Optional FloatTensor of shape (N,) giving weights for
batch elements for reduction operation.
batch_reduction: Reduction operation to apply for the loss across the
batch, can be one of ["mean", "sum"] or None.
point_reduction: Reduction operation to apply for the loss across the
points, can be one of ["mean", "sum"].
Returns:
2-element tuple containing
- **loss**: Tensor giving the reduced distance between the pointclouds
in x and the pointclouds in y.
- **loss_normals**: Tensor giving the reduced cosine distance of normals
between pointclouds in x and pointclouds in y. Returns None if
x_normals and y_normals are None.
"""
_validate_chamfer_reduction_inputs(batch_reduction, point_reduction)
x, x_lengths, x_normals = _handle_pointcloud_input(x, x_lengths, x_normals)
y, y_lengths, y_normals = _handle_pointcloud_input(y, y_lengths, y_normals)
return_normals = x_normals is not None and y_normals is not None
N, P1, D = x.shape
P2 = y.shape[1]
# Check if inputs are heterogeneous and create a lengths mask.
is_x_heterogeneous = (x_lengths != P1).any()
is_y_heterogeneous = (y_lengths != P2).any()
x_mask = (
torch.arange(P1, device=x.device)[None] >= x_lengths[:, None]
) # shape [N, P1]
y_mask = (
torch.arange(P2, device=y.device)[None] >= y_lengths[:, None]
) # shape [N, P2]
if y.shape[0] != N or y.shape[2] != D:
raise ValueError("y does not have the correct shape.")
if weights is not None:
if weights.size(0) != N:
raise ValueError("weights must be of shape (N,).")
if not (weights >= 0).all():
raise ValueError("weights cannot be negative.")
if weights.sum() == 0.0:
weights = weights.view(N, 1)
if batch_reduction in ["mean", "sum"]:
return (
(x.sum((1, 2)) * weights).sum() * 0.0,
(x.sum((1, 2)) * weights).sum() * 0.0,
)
return ((x.sum((1, 2)) * weights) * 0.0, (x.sum((1, 2)) * weights) * 0.0)
cham_norm_x = x.new_zeros(())
cham_norm_y = x.new_zeros(())
x_nn = knn_points(x, y, lengths1=x_lengths, lengths2=y_lengths, K=1)
y_nn = knn_points(y, x, lengths1=y_lengths, lengths2=x_lengths, K=1)
cham_x = x_nn.dists[..., 0] # (N, P1)
cham_y = y_nn.dists[..., 0] # (N, P2)
if is_x_heterogeneous:
cham_x[x_mask] = 0.0
if is_y_heterogeneous:
cham_y[y_mask] = 0.0
if weights is not None:
cham_x *= weights.view(N, 1)
cham_y *= weights.view(N, 1)
if return_normals:
# Gather the normals using the indices and keep only value for k=0
x_normals_near = knn_gather(y_normals, x_nn.idx, y_lengths)[..., 0, :]
y_normals_near = knn_gather(x_normals, y_nn.idx, x_lengths)[..., 0, :]
cham_norm_x = 1 - torch.abs(
F.cosine_similarity(x_normals, x_normals_near, dim=2, eps=1e-6)
)
cham_norm_y = 1 - torch.abs(
F.cosine_similarity(y_normals, y_normals_near, dim=2, eps=1e-6)
)
if is_x_heterogeneous:
cham_norm_x[x_mask] = 0.0
if is_y_heterogeneous:
cham_norm_y[y_mask] = 0.0
if weights is not None:
cham_norm_x *= weights.view(N, 1)
cham_norm_y *= weights.view(N, 1)
# Apply point reduction
cham_x = cham_x.sum(1) # (N,)
cham_y = cham_y.sum(1) # (N,)
if return_normals:
cham_norm_x = cham_norm_x.sum(1) # (N,)
cham_norm_y = cham_norm_y.sum(1) # (N,)
if point_reduction == "mean":
cham_x /= x_lengths
cham_y /= y_lengths
if return_normals:
cham_norm_x /= x_lengths
cham_norm_y /= y_lengths
if batch_reduction is not None:
# batch_reduction == "sum"
cham_x = cham_x.sum()
cham_y = cham_y.sum()
if return_normals:
cham_norm_x = cham_norm_x.sum()
cham_norm_y = cham_norm_y.sum()
if batch_reduction == "mean":
div = weights.sum() if weights is not None else N
cham_x /= div
cham_y /= div
if return_normals:
cham_norm_x /= div
cham_norm_y /= div
cham_dist = cham_x + cham_y
cham_normals = cham_norm_x + cham_norm_y if return_normals else None
return cham_dist, cham_normals
```